Agriculture is the means of livelihood for around two thirds of the work force of India. This makes it one of the most important sectors of the economy. At the time of independence, the revenue from the agricultural sector was quite low compared to what it is today. The main reason for the increase in revenue is the increase in agricultural production that was brought about by the Green Revolution.
The Green Revolution of the 70's was responsible for bringing additional area under cultivation, extending irrigation facilities, providing better quality seeds, improving techniques of farming and plant protection.
Over the years, agriculture has emerged as one of the top priorities of the Central and State Governments. Keeping this in mind, various schemes have been launched to improve farm productivity and the standard of living of millions of farmers who work to feed the nation.
In 2000, the government announced the first-ever National Agriculture Policy (External website that opens in a new window). The main aims of this policy are to:-
- Actualize the vast untapped growth potential of Indian agriculture
- Strengthen rural infrastructure to support faster agricultural development
- Promote value addition, accelerate the growth of agro business
- Create employment in rural areas
- Secure a fair standard of living for all agriculturalists
- Discourage migration to urban areas and face the challenges arising out of economic liberalization and globalisation.
In this section, we provide useful resources on topics such as soil, farm equipment, loans and packages of practice of different crops. Farmers and other citizens who wish to practice agriculture will find this section extremely valuable.