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Indian farmers mainly depend on the rains for irrigation of their crops. Meagre rainfall leads to drought while excess rainfall causes floods. Both droughts and floods may lead to large-scale damage of crops, a failed harvest, a huge loss and inflation. Other natural disasters such as cyclones also play havoc with crops. No one is able to control the weather or make accurate predictions about how the weather will turn. However, we can use weather information available at other areas, statistics and satellite maps to create scientific estimates for weather forecasts. These forecasts help farmers to plan in advance for all eventualities and reduce damage to their crops.

The Indian Meteorological Department (External website that opens in a new window) is the principal government agency in all matters related to meteorology, seismology and allied subjects. Its main tasks include –

  • Taking meteorological observations
  • Providing current and forecast meteorological information
  • Warning against severe weather phenomena such as tropical cyclones, norwesters, dust storms, heavy rains, snow, cold and heat waves
  • Providing meteorological statistics
  • Conducting and promoting research.

This department provides services to farmers such as special weather bulletins, agro meteorological advisories and collection of data through agro meteorological observatories. The government also provides detailed Weekly Weather Watch (External website that opens in a new window) reports to farmers through the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (External website that opens in a new window).

Source: National Portal Content Management Team, Reviewed on:23-02-2011