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Education, Training and Research

Agricultural trends are changing everyday with the development of new techniques. To make the best of emerging technologies, it is vital that agriculturalists receive continuous education and training. This training is provided on topics such as pesticide management, use of better seeds, irrigation and use of fertilizers among many others. Equally important is the process of agricultural research and development to create cheaper and better farm practices. The Central and State Governments have made major contributions in this area.

State Agricultural Universities

The State Agricultural Universities (External website that opens in a new window) are major partners in the growth and development of agricultural research and education under the national agricultural research system. Currently, there are 41 State Agricultural Universities in India. These agricultural universities are responsible for research, training and dissemination of agriculture related information in the State. They generate new technologies to increase production, provide degree and certificate programmes in agriculture and help in the transfer of technology by participating in farmer training classes organised by local agricultural bodies.

The State Agricultural Universities carry out research programmes to tackle location specific problems of different agro-climatic zones. The research programmes and activities are constantly and critically reviewed and the research activities are mainly focused on thrust areas identified. Research, to constantly improve and generate technologies for increasing production in agriculture, animal husbandry, home science and allied sectors is one of the major mandates of these universities.

Krishi Darshan

Krishi Darshan is an agriculture related television programme that is broadcast by the government on its exclusive terrestrial television network - Doordarshan. It is a half hour programme that is run five days a week at 6.30 pm. The content is created in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture, Government. of India, under the Mass Media Support to Agriculture Extension Scheme. Krishi Darshan includes features, documentaries, success stories of farmers, research inputs, quizzes, crop seminars and a live phone in programme. It covers various aspects of agriculture and related activities like horticulture, animal husbandry, dairy and rural life.

Krishi Darshan is telecast on the Doordarshan National Channel and is available in local languages through Doordarshan relay stations located in different States. The programme is repeated at fixed times during the day. Estimates prove that this telecast is available to at least 89 per cent of the population. The huge reach and penetration of television has made it a vital tool in the dissemination of agricultural knowledge. Details on the Krishi Darshan (External website that opens in a new window) programmes.

ATMA Centres

The Agricultural Technology Management Agency (External website that opens in a new window) (ATMA) is a society of key stakeholders who carry out agricultural activities for sustainable agricultural growth of a district. It involves a combination of research and extension activities, so that new agricultural technologies are distributed over a district. This allows it to receive and spend project finances, enter into contracts and maintain revolving accounts. These revolving accounts are utilized for collecting fees and thereby recovering operating costs.

ATMA Centres have links with local line departments, research organizations, non-governmental organizations and agencies associated with agricultural development in the district. Research and Extension units within the project districts, Krishi Vigyan Kendras, and the departments of agriculture, animal husbandry, horticulture and fisheries are constituent members of ATMA. Programmes and procedures that concern district research and extension activities are determined by the governing board of ATMA centres and implemented by its management committee

Krishi Vigyan Kendras

Krishi Vigyan Kendras ( KVKs) are a project of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research for the testing and transfer of agricultural technologies. These organizations are meant to bridge the gap between production and productivity and to increase self-employment opportunities among the farming community. The training offered at these centres follows the principles of "learning by doing" and "seeing is believing". KVK's offer skill and knowledge oriented training in multidisciplinary areas such as:

  • Crop production
  • Plant protection
  • Horticulture
  • Animal sciences
  • Fisheries
  • Home science
  • Agricultural extension.

Krishi Vigyan Kendras are a bright beacon of knowledge to the farmers of a region. Click here for a state-wise list of Krishi Vigyan Kendras (External website that opens in a new window).

ICAR Research Centres

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is a storehouse of agricultural information. It also offers consultancy services in agriculture, horticulture, animal sciences, fisheries, resource management, agricultural engineering, agricultural education, agricultural extension, home science and agricultural communication. The co-ordination of agricultural research and development programmes comes under its purview. ICAR is also responsible for generating contacts with related organizations in the national and international arena to better the standard of life of agriculturalists.

ICAR has established a number of research centres to meet the agricultural research and education needs of the country. It actively pursues human resource development through the setting up of agricultural universities in different parts of the country. The Technology Intervention Programmes are also an integral part of ICAR's agenda. These programmes help establish Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) which are responsible for training, research and demonstration of new farming technologies at the local level. Click here to view a list of ICAR Research Centres and Institutes (External website that opens in a new window).

Source: National Portal Content Management Team, Reviewed on:17-02-2011