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Union Public Service Commission

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) (External website that opens in a new window) was established under Article 315 of the Constitution of India. The commission conducts competitive examinations for recruitment to various services and posts, such as Civil Services, Engineering, Medical and Forest Service, etc.

Recruitment is done through three methods-

  • Direct Recruitment
  • Promotion
  • Transfer

In the Direct Recruitment method, recruitment takes place in the following ways:

Competitive Examination:

Under the Constitution, one of the functions of the Commission is to conduct examinations for appointment to civil services and posts. In addition, the Commission also holds competitive examinations in coordination with the Ministry of Defence for entry into certain Defence Services, through the National Defence Academy, Indian Military Academy, Naval Academy, Air Force Academy and the Officers Training Academy.

The Commission usually conducts over a dozen examinations every year on an all India basis for recruitment to services/posts in various fields, such as Civil Services, Engineering, Medical and Forest Service, etc.

Recruitment by Selection:

  • By Interview only - When the number of applicants is very large, the Commission calls short listed candidates for interview on the basis of certain pre-determined criteria related to the job.
  • By Written Test Followed by Interview - In this category, there are two types of procedures followed:
    1. An objective-type written and/or practical test to test the skill of the candidates followed by Interview, the final selection being decided by Interview, aided by the performance of the candidates in the written test and/or practical test.
    2. An objective-type written and/or practical test is conducted to screen the candidates to be called for an interview, the final selection being decided by Interview only.

Source: National Portal Content Management Team, Reviewed on: 30-07-2010