Family Welfare Schemes
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has a number of schemes to cover the under-privileged sections of society and help them with maternity, post and neo-natal healthcare and family planning. These include the Janani Suraksha Yojana (File referring to external site opens in a new window) , Rehabilitation of Polio Victims and several financial assistance schemes for surgery and other health problems. Counseling centres are also available across the country as part of the government sponsored family welfare schemes.
Several important schemes are listed below:
- National Family Welfare Programme (External website that opens in a new window) - India launched the National Family Welfare Programme in 1951 with the objective of "reducing the birth rate to the extent necessary to stabilise the population at a level consistent with the requirement of the National economy. The Family Welfare Programme in India is recognised as a priority area, and is being implemented as a 100% centrally sponsored programme.
- National Population Policy (External website that opens in a new window) - The National Population Policy, 2000 affirms the commitment of government towards voluntary and informed choice and consent of citizens while availing of reproductive health care services and continuation of the target free approach in administering family planning services.
- National Rural Health Mission (File referring to external site opens in a new window) - The National Rural Health Mission (2005-12) seeks to provide effective healthcare to rural population throughout the country with special focus on 18 states, which have weak public health indicators and/or weak infrastructure. The mission aims at effective integration of health concerns with determinants of health like sanitation and hygiene, nutrition and safe drinking water through a District Plan for Health.
- Urban Family Welfare Schemes (External website that opens in a new window) - This Scheme was introduced following the recommendation of the Krishnan Committee in 1983. The main focus was to provide services through setting up of Health Posts mainly in slum areas. The services provided are mainly outreach of RCH services, preventive services, First Aid and referral services including distribution of contraceptives.
- Sterilization Beds Scheme (External website that opens in a new window) - A Scheme for reservation of Sterilization beds in Hospital sun by Government, Local Bodies and Voluntary Organisations was introduced as early as in the year 1964 in order to provide immediate facilities for tubectomy operations in hospitals where such cases could not be admitted due to lack of beds etc. But later with the introduction of the Post Partum Programme some of the beds were transferred to Post Partum Programme and thereafter the beds were only sanctioned to hospitals sun by Local Bodies and Voluntary Organisations.
- Reproductive and Child Health Programme (External website that opens in a new window) - The Reproductive and Child Health Programme was launched in October 1997 incorporating new approach to population and development issues, as exposed in the International Conference in Population and Development held at Cairo in 1994.The programme integrated and strengthened in services/interventions under the Child Survival and Safe Motherhood Programme and Family Planning Services and added to the basket of services, new areas on Reproductive Tract/Sexually Transmitted infections (RTI/STI).
Source: National Portal Content Management Team, Reviewed on:10-02-2011