People who regularly consume alcohol suffer from health problems such as liver disease, chronic pancreatitis, gastritis, cardiovascular and neurological problems. Alcohol abuse may even lead to cancer and a painful death. Those who have difficulty in moderating drinking, neglect daily activities and show physical symptoms of withdrawal are in need of alcohol rehabilitation.
The treatment program chosen for alcohol rehabilitation should fit the specific needs of the addict. If an incorrect evaluation is made at the initial stage, then the chances for failure heighten. There are varying degrees of alcohol abuse. Some individuals may have a history of many failed attempts to end their abuse pattern. These patients are suitable for in patient residential treatment. Long-term inpatient alcohol rehabilitation programs are conducted over a period of three to six months and provide the addict with a change of environment as well as care. However, if an individual has only a short history of abuse, then out patient treatment or counselling may suffice.
The first step to alcohol rehabilitation is alcohol intervention. In this process, addicts are made aware of the extent of their situation through a non-judgmental, non-critical, systematic process. Individuals accept the reality of their problem and are motivated to seek help. Then comes Alcohol Detox. This process rids the body of addictive substances. It also involves physiological and mental readjustment through meditation, yoga and other holistic therapies. The most important thing about alcohol rehabilitation is that the longer a person abstains from alcohol, the more likely he or she will be able to stay sober.
The second part of alcohol abuse treatment involves working to improve self-esteem and self-worth, heal core traumas, learn life-skills, gain control over addictive patterns and improve the health of the body in addition to recovering from alcohol abuse. Counselling focuses on the symptoms of drug addiction, the individual and the structure of the individual's recovery program. It teaches coping strategies and tools for recovery.
A Self-help group meeting is another tool of alcohol rehabilitation. Such meetings follow the 12-step model of recovery. These meetings are held a few times a week and are usually free of charge. They focus on members sharing their experiences, strengths and hopes of recovery from alcoholism. Alcoholics Anonymous is one such programme.
Source: National Portal Content Management Team, Reviewed on:10-02-2011