Rehabilitation of people who are physically challenged is another priority of the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (External website that opens in a new window). Special care is provided to them through District Disability Rehabilitation Centres (External website that opens in a new window), institutes and NGO's. People with physical disabilities include the visually impaired, hearing impaired and amputees. Disabled people need different types of rehabilitation depending on the extent of their injury. Patients are evaluated by a team of specialists and are counselled along with their families. Rehabilitation involves processes to help patients live a decent standard of life with their handicap.
Rehabilitation for the blind involves learning the sighted guide technique, the use of the white cane, reading and writing the Braille language and performing household chores without sight. They are taught vocational skills in fields where blindness is not a handicap like candle making and other crafts. Some may be provided visual aids.
People who have lost a limb due to a disease or accident receive reconstructive surgery. Later on they may be provided with an artificial leg like a Jaipur foot, a calliper or crutches. They are then taught how to walk with new aid they receive and are given vocational training to help them get a job.
Deaf and Mute people may be recommended surgery or fitted with a hearing aid or ear mould depending on their unique condition. Those who haven't learnt to speak as yet (children below five) are given speech therapy that includes learning the sign language, lip reading and other pointers.
Depending on their situation, a few disabled people may also be prescribed medications and surgery of different types. The rehabilitation process in all cases involves follow up treatment where the patient is rechecked at periodic intervals.
Hospitals And Institutes Handling Disabilities:
- Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for Hearing Handicapped, Mumbai (External website that opens in a new window)
- National Institute for the Orthopaedically Handicapped (NIOH), Calcutta (External website that opens in a new window)
- National Institute for the Visually Handicapped, Dehradun
- Institute for the Physically Handicapped (IPH), New Delhi (External website that opens in a new window)
- National Institute for Empowerment of Persons with Multiple Disabilities, Chennai (External website that opens in a new window)
- National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research, Cuttack (External website that opens in a new window)
- Pt. Deendayal Upadhyaya Institute for the Physically Handicapped (External website that opens in a new window)
For more details click on the links cited below:
Source: National Portal Content Management Team, Reviewed on:10-02-2011