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What kinds of rehabilitation process do blind people have to go through?

Rehabilitation specialists for the blind and visually impaired guide them on living life smoothly with their handicap. They are taught the sighted guide technique, the use of the white cane, travel safety tips and the use of currency notes. They learn to perform daily chores like cooking, grooming, dressing and personal hygiene. Visually impaired patients are taught to read and write the Braille language and use computers, telephones and typewriters in Braille. Some people may be given optical aids to help them see. Vocational training in fields such as candle making, chalk making, motor rewinding and the like. Rehabilitators for the blind work with ophthalmologists, opticians, counsellors and low vision practitioners to ensure the best possible treatment for the people in their care. Here are some helpful rehabilitation resources for visually impaired people and their families:

How do drug and alcohol addicts get over their habit?

The rehabilitation process of drug or alcohol addicts begins with an initial psychosocial examination. A process of detoxification follows during which the patient is medically stabilized. The patient is taught about the complexities of addiction and related issues. They are not allowed to use any addictive substance during this period. Individual therapy and group therapy sessions follow. There may also be family therapy programs where the counsellors meet and discuss the addiction problem with the patients' family. After being discharged, a patient will have to visit the rehabilitation centre periodically for relapse prevention and continuing care. Drug or Alcohol Addicts can access rehabilitation services at the following centres:

What are the rehabilitation options available to the orthopedically disabled?

Some people with locomotion disabilities were born deformed while a majority has had their foot amputated due to an accident, injury or disease. The Jaipur foot is an artificial limb that was developed in the city of Jaipur in 1968. It consists of a foot piece, a socket and a joint. There are two kinds of Jaipur artificial limbs – one that fit above the knee and one that is meant for people who have been amputated below the knee. Patients who have paralysis in their leg due to polio are prescribed a device called a 'calliper'. This helps them walk comfortably and lead a normal life.

Rehabilitation of the orthopedically handicapped involves an initial evaluation with a team of experts that comprise an orthopaedic surgeon, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, prosthetist, social worker and vocational counsellor. Reconstructive surgery may be performed. After this, physiotherapy services are provided through hospitals and outreach camps. Patients are taught how to use the prosthetic limb and given vocational training to help them get a job. Here is a list of a few organizations that help an amputee walk again:

How do I quit smoking?

Quitting smoking is not an easy thing to do. No two people are alike, which is why doctors prescribe different treatments to tobacco addicts. A few people may be able to quit through sheer determination but most people need classes, drugs, therapy and other products to help them out. Some products commonly recommended by doctors and therapists at tobacco rehabilitation centres are non-nicotine pills, nicotine gum, nicotine inhaler, nicotine nasal spray or a nicotine patch. Ayurvedic medicines and relaxation techniques like yoga are also used to help smokers kick their habit.

People who quit smoking live longer, healthier lives. Their chances of having a heart attack, stroke or cancer also decrease. Here are some organizations that help people get over tobacco addiction:

How does one rehabilitate mentally challenged people?

People with mental disorders may be rehabilitated through chemotherapy, psychotherapy, occupational therapy, spiritual therapy and other alternative therapies. Long-term patients are given vocational training to promote their well being. Patients who complete the rehabilitation process have to attend follow up programs and regular checkups. Here are some centres that treat mentally challenged patients:

How does one rehabilitate a schizophrenic?

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder where the patient experiences disorganized thinking, speech problems, delusions, hallucinations and auditory hallucinations. Most patients of this disorder are in the age group of 15 to 35 years. Schizophrenia can be easily treated especially if it is discovered in the initial stages.

One of the most common ways of curing Schizophrenia is through the use of antipsychotic medication and atypical antipsychotic medications. Patients may also be given dietary supplements like Omega-3 fatty acids which are found naturally in foods such as oily fish, flax seeds and walnuts.  Therapies such as electroshock and psychosurgery may be sometimes used as a treatment. Cognitive behavioural therapy, remediation therapy and cognitive enhancement therapy are also used to cure patients of schizophrenia. Patients may sometimes need to be hospitalised depending on their condition. Some places where you can seek treatment are:

How are the hearing and speech impaired rehabilitated?

Deafness may be caused by an illness, an injury or through genetic inheritance. Some people fall in the 'hard of hearing' category while others are deaf before they can learn a first language. Different levels of deafness require different procedures for rehabilitation. Check your level of hearing (External website that opens in a new window).

When you walk into a deaf and dumb rehabilitation centre, a team that consists of audiologists, speech language pathologists, special educators, psychologists, social workers, ENT specialist, paediatrician and a neurologist will examine you. You may be recommended surgery or fitted with a hearing aid or ear mould depending on their diagnosis. Patients who are unable to speak will be given speech and language therapy that includes learning the sign language, lip reading and other behaviour modification tips to lead a normal life.  Some patients may be prescribed medications. Counselling sessions that include the impaired and their family follow. Most rehabilitation centres have follow up and outreach services to check up on the condition of the patient regularly. The deaf are provided vocational training in computers, accounting, printing and beauty culture which enables them to get a job in local companies. Some institutes that can help you out are:

Which institutes provide rehabilitation services for sports injuries?

Participation in strenuous sports can lead to injuries of the rotator cuff, groin, knee, shoulder, wrist, ankle or the elbow. Problems that bother many sports persons are torn ligaments, sprains, strains, fractures, elbow tendonitis, Achilles tendonitis and hamstring injuries. A team of sports physiotherapists, orthopaedic surgeons, sports medicine therapists and trainers conducts the rehabilitation of people with sports injuries.

Medication and surgery may be prescribed as part of the initial treatment. They may have to wear braces or use crutches and wheelchairs for a short time. According to the type of injury, the sports person may be advised a period of rest to heal the pain and swelling. This is followed by specific strengthening and flexibility exercises. Alternative therapies like yoga, sports massages and hydrotherapy may also be used. Here are some places where you can seek relief:

Source: National Portal Content Management Team, Reviewed on:02-11-2012