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Spices constitute an important group of horticultural crops and are defined as vegetable products or mixture thereof, free from extraneous matter, used for flavouring, seasoning and imparting aroma in foods. The term applies equally to the product in the whole form or in the ground form. India is known as the home of spices and produces a wide variety of spices like black pepper, cardamom (small and large) ginger, garlic, turmeric, chilli and a large variety of tree and seed spices.

India is the largest producer, consumer and exporter of spices and spice products. The total production of spices was 4.3 million metric tonnes and the area covered was 2.56 million hectares.

Source: National Portal Content Management Team, Reviewed on: 07-01-2011