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In order to maximise agricultural production, honeybee can be used as an important input. About 85 per cent crop plants are cross-pollinated, as they need to receive pollen from other plants of the same species with the help of external agents. One of the most important external agents is the honeybee. A few colonies of honeybees are placed in the field when the crop is in flowering stage. When pressed in to service they would make several thousand forages for pollination. The abundance of pollinators helps in early setting of seeds resulting in early and more uniform crop yield. Honeybees also produce honey, bee wax and royal jelly thus giving additional benefits to the farmers. About 50 million ha. of land in the country are under bee dependent crops like fruit, vegetables, oilseeds, legumes and pulses. Many of these crops require three to nine bee colonies per ha.

The National Bee Board which is looking after the developmental activities of bee keeping has been recently reconstituted with Secretary (A&C) as Chairman and Horticulture Commissioner as Member Secretary.

Source: National Portal Content Management Team, Reviewed on: 07-01-2011