Technology Mission on Oilseeds, Pulses and Maize
The Technology Mission on Oilseeds was launched by the Central Government in 1986 to increase the production of oilseeds to reduce import and achieve self-sufficiency in edible oils. Subsequently, pulses, oil palm and maize were also brought within the purview of the Mission in 1990-91, 1992 and 1995-96 respectively. In addition, the National Oilseeds and Vegetable Oils Development (NOVOD) Board also supplement the efforts of TMOP by opening of newer areas for non-traditional oilseeds. IT is promoting Tree Borne Oilseeds (TBO)s.
The schemes implemented under TMOP are:
- Oilseeds Production Programme (OPP)
- National Pulses Development Project (NPDP)
- Accelerated Maize Development Programme (AMDP) - External website that opens in a new window
- Post Harvest Technology (PHT)
- Oil Palm Development Programme (OPDP) and
- National Oilseeds and Vegetable Oils Development Board (NOVOD) - External website that opens in a new window
Integrated Scheme of Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil Palm and Maize
In order to provide flexibility to the States in implementation based on regionally differentiated approach, to promote crop diversification and to provide focused approach to the programmes, the schemes of Oilseeds Production Programme, Oil Palm Development Programme, National Pulses Development Project and Accelerated Maize Development Programme of Ninth Plan have been merged into one Centrally Sponsored Integrated Scheme of Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil Palm and Maize (IPOPOM) - External website that opens in a new window during the 10th Five Year Plan which is being implemented with effect from 1st April, 2004. The scheme is being implemented by 14 major growing States for oilseeds and pulses and 15 States for Maize and in 10 States for oil palm.
The ISOPOM has the following special features:
- Flexibility to the States to utilize the funds for the scheme/crop of their choice.
- Annual action plan to be formulated by the State Governments for consideration and approval of the Government of India.
- Flexibility to the States for introducing innovative measures or any special component to the extent of 10 per cent of financial allocation.
- Involvement of private sector by the State Governments for the implementation of the programme with a financial cap of 15 per cent.
- Flexibility for inter component diversion of funds upto 20 per cent for non-seed components only and
- Diversion of funds from seed components to non-seed components with the prior approval of the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation.
Implementation of oilseeds production programme helped in increasing the production of oilseeds from 108.30 lakh tones in 1985-86 to 281.57 lakh tonnes during 2008-09 (IV Adv. Est.). The pulses production in the country increased from 128.60 lakh in 1989-90 to 146.62 (IV Adv. Est.) lakh tonnes in 2008-09.
The area under Oil palm increased from 8,585 ha. at the end of 1992-93 to 26,178 ha. in 2008-09. Actual production of Fresh Fruit Bunches (FFBs) during 2008-09 is 355,480.36 MTs yielding around 59,007.40 Metric tonnes of Crude Palm Oil (CPO).
The production of maize increased from 88.94 lakh tones in 1994-95 to 192.87 lakh tonnes in 2008-09 (IV Adv. Estimates).
Source: National Portal Content Management Team, Reviewed on: 07-01-2011