Crop Production Schemes
The Crop Development schemes, viz,
- Integrated Cereal Development Programme in wheat-based cropping systems areas (ICDP-Wheat)
- Integrated Cereals Development Programme in rice-based cropping systems areas (ICDP-Rice)
- Integrated Cereal Development Programme on Coarse Cereals-Based Cropping Systems Areas (ICDP-Coarse Cereals)
- Sustainable Development of Sugarcane-Based Cropping System (SUBACS), and
- Special Jute Development Programme (SJDP) implemented during Ninth plan has since been subsumed under Macro Management of Agriculture Scheme w.e.f. October 2000 to give more flexibility to the State Governments. Assistance is provided to the States for implementation of these programmes based on the Work Plans prepared by them according to regional needs.
The Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Intensive Cotton Development Programme (ICDP) now modified as a Mini-Mission-II of the Technology Mission on cotton, is continuing during 2008-09. The scheme is being implemented in 13 States. The aim of the scheme is to increase the production and productivity of cotton. The scheme provides assistance for extension and development activities.
The Government on June 2, 2006, approved the implementation of the Jute Technology Mission (JTM) at an estimated cost of Rs.355.55 crore, of which the outlay for mini missions III and IV will be Rs.38.60 and Rs.260.00 crore respectively. The Department of Agricultural Research & Education, Ministry of Agriculture, launched the Mini Mission I of the Jute Technology Mission (JTM) on November 9, 2006. The Department of Agriculture & Cooperative, Ministry of Agriculture, launched Mini Mission II of JTM on December 21, 2006. Mini Mission III and IV were launched by the Ministry of Textiles on February 6, 2007. JTM comprise four Mini-missions:
- Mini-mission I - Strengthening of Research & Development
- Mini-mission II - Transfer of Technology
- Mini-mission III - Development of Marketing Infrastructure
- Mini-mission IV - Modernisation/Upgradation of Technology of Jute Sector and initiation of activities for promotion of Jute Diversified Products.
A Centrally Sponsored Scheme on 'National Food Security Mission (NFSM)' has been launched by the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation in 311 identified districts of 17 states, in pursuance to the resolution of National Development Council (NDC) to launch a Food Security Mission in the country, to enhance the production of rice, wheat and pulses by 10, 8 and 2 million tones, respectively by the end of XI Plan.
The NFSM has three components viz NFSM-Rice being implemented in 136 districts of 14 states of Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal; NFSM-Wheat being implemented in 141 districts of nine States of Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal; and NFSM-Pulses being implemented in 170 districts of 14 States of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.
Various activities of NFSM relate to demonstration of improved production technology, distribution of quality seeds of HYVs and hybrids, popularising newly released varieties, support for micro nutrients, gypsum, zero tillage, rotavators, weeders and other farm implements, IPM, INM, extension, water lifting and moisture saving devices, training and mass media campaign including awards for best performing districts. Besides, the pilot projects on community generators, control of blue bulls and demonstration of ICRISAT technologies would also be implemented.
Source: National Portal Content Management Team, Reviewed on: 07-01-2011