India's neighbours are all undergoing a transition, giving rise to varied political experiences and experiments. The Government of India is responsible for ensuring the defence of the Indian territory. The Supreme Command of the Armed Forces vests in the President, while the responsibility for national defence rests with the Cabinet. This is discharged through the Ministry of Defence, which provides the policy framework and wherewithal to the Armed Forces to discharge their responsibilities in the context of the defence of the country. The Defence Minister (Raksha Mantri) is the head of the Ministry of Defence (External website that opens in a new window).
The principal task of the Defence Ministry is to frame policy directions on defence and security related matters, and communicate them for implementation to the Services Headquarters, Inter-Services Organisations, Production Establishments and Research and Development Organisations. It is also required to ensure effective implementation of the Government's policy directions and the execution of approved programmes within the allocated resources. Ministry of Defence comprises of four Departments viz. Department of Defence (DOD), Department of Defence Production (DDP), Department of Defence Research & Development (DDR&D) (External website that opens in a new window) and Department of Ex-Servicemen Welfare & Finance Division.