District Primary Education Programme
The Centrally-Sponsored Scheme of District Primary Education Programme (DPEP) (External website that opens in a new window) was launched in 1994 as a major initiative to revitalise the primary education system and to achieve the objective of universalisation of primary education.
Under the Programme parameters, investment per district is limited to Rs.40 crore over a project period of 5-7 years. There is a ceiling of 33.3 per cent on civil works component and 6 per cent on management cost. The remaining amount is required to be spent on quality improvement activities.
DPEP is an externally aided project. 85 per cent of the project cost is met by the Central Government and the remaining 15 per cent is shared by the concerned State Government. The Central Government share is resourced through external assistance.At present external assistance of about Rs.6,938 crore composing Rs.5,137 as credit from IDA and Rs.1,801 crore as grant from EC/DFID/UNICEF/Netherlands has been tied-up for DPEP.
Major Achievements of DPEP:
- DPEP has so far opened more than 1,60,000 new schools, including almost 84,000 alternative schooling (AS) centres. The AS centres cover nearly 3.5 million children, while another two lakh children are covered by Bridge Courses of different types;
- The school infrastructure created under DPEP has been remarkable. Works either complete or in progress include 52758 school buildings, 58,604 additional classrooms, 16,619 resource centers, 29,307 repair works, 64,592 toilets, and 24,909 drinking water facilities,
- The Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) for Phase-I states was around 93 to 95 per cent for the last three years. After the adjustment for the Alternative Schools/Education Guarantee Centers enrolment, the GER in the 2001-02 works out above 100 per cent. In the districts covered under subsequent phases of DPEP, the GER including enrolment of AS/EGS was above 85 per cent;
- The enrolment of girls has shown significant improvement. In DPEP-I districts, the share of girls enrolment in relation to total enrolment has increased from 48 per cent to 49 per cent, while this increase in the subsequent phases of DPEP districts has been from 46 per cent to 47 per cent;
- The total number of differently bled children enrolled is now more than 4,20,203 which represents almost 76 per cent of the nearly 5,53,844 differently-abled children identified in the DPEP States;
- Village Education Committees/School Management Committees have been setup in almost all project villages/habitations/schools,
- About 1,77,000 teachers, including para-teachers/Shiksha Karmis have been appointed;
- About 3,380 resource centers at block level and 29,725 centers at cluster level have been set-up for providing academic support and teacher training facilities.
Source: National Portal Content Management Team, Reviewed on: 19-01-2011