Educational Development in North Eastern Region
The NE Region comprising eight States has a high literacy level and is rich in ethnic cultural heritage with linguistic diversity. However, the region lacks infrastructure and facilities in educational institutions across sectors and there is a need to improve the quality of education imparted. The NE States have been provided grants under the Non Lapsable Central Pool of Resources (NLCPR) to improve their infrastructure facilities. The Empowered Committee administering NLCPR has, since its inception in 1998-99, approved proposals worth Rs.480.68 crore for the development of educational infrastructure in the NER. Funds amounting to Rs.392.81 crore have also been released as on 30 November 2005. Out of this, Rs.14.84 crore was released in 2005-06.
In the Central sector, the proposals mainly relate to infrastructure development of Central Institutions like the five central universities in the North East which include construction of staff quarters, academic buildings, library buildings, administrative buildings and purchase of lab equipments, books, etc. These projects are in various stages of implementation. The important Central Sector Institutions in the North East Region are IIT, Guwahati; NERIST, Itanagar; NIT, Silchar; Regional Centres of IGNOU; Central Universities of Assam, Tezpur, Mizoram, Nagaland and NEHU.
In addition to the funds released under NLCPR, the Department of Secondary and Higher Education also released Rs.40.42 crore during 2003-04 from its own budget for meeting the committed liability under NLCPR for infrastructure projects of Assam University, Tezpur University, NEHU and JNU (for NER students' hostel).
A provision of Rs.261.05 crore and Rs.1053 crore has been kept for NER under BE 2005-06 for the Department of Secondary and Higher Education and Elementary Education and Literacy respectively. Out of this an amount of Rs.187.57 crore and Rs.501.60 crore has been certified for expenditure on various schemes of the Department of Secondary and Higher Education and Elementary Education and Literacy till 31 January 2006.
The Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan is running 86 schools in the North East Region.
The Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti is trying to achieve their goal of opening one JNV in each of the 78 districts of the North Eastern States. Presently 76 JNVs have been sanctioned for the NE Region.
During 2003-04, the Department of Secondary and Higher Education was able to spend over 10 per cent of its RE in the North Eastern States.
Source: National Portal Content Management Team, Reviewed on: 19-01-2011