The Technical Education System in the country covers courses in engineering, technology, management, architecture, pharmacy, etc. The Ministry of Human Resource Development caters to programmes at undergraduate, postgraduate and research levels. The technical education system at the central level comprises, among others, the following:
- The All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) (External website that opens in a new window), which is the statutory body for proper planning and coordinated development of the technical education system
- Seven Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs)
- Six Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs)
- Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore (External website that opens in a new window)
- Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management (IIITM), Gwalior
- Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIIT), Allahabad (External website that opens in a new window) and its Extension Campus at Amethi and Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, (IIITDM) Jabalpur (External website that opens in a new window)
- Eighteen National Institutes of Technology (NITs) (converted from RECs with 100 per cent central funding).
New initiatives have been taken to promote research and education in basic sciences in the country. The IISc, Bangalore was sanctioned a special grant of Rs.100 crore to upgrade its infrastructure facilities, including laboratories. On the recommendation of the Scientific Advisory Council to the Prime Minister, two Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research have been approved at Pune and Kolkata. These Institutes will combine education in basic sciences at undergraduate and postgraduate level, with world class research facilities.
To enhance research productivity in Science and Technology Education and to improve quality of education, access to electronic journals and databases is being provided to all technical institutions. To benefit from lower costs, AICTE and Indian National Digital Library in Engineering Sciences and Technology (INDEST) (External website that opens in a new window) have joined hands to form a combined AICTE-INDEST consortium.
During the 10th Plan, there has been a significant increase in the number of Technical Education institutions and total intake of students. Of the 10th Plan outlay of Rs.13,825 crore for the Department of Secondary and Higher Education, Rs.4700 crore was earmarked for 16 programmes of Technical Education. Of this, the major share goes to the World Bank-aided Technical Education Quality Improvement Programme (TEQIP) with an outlay of Rs.900 crore; AICTE with an outlay of Rs.600 crore and IITs with an outlay of Rs.612 crore. The outlay for Annual Plan 2004-05 for Technical Education was Rs.750 crore and expenditure Rs.615.85 crore
Source: National Portal Content Management Team, Reviewed on: 19-01-2011