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Space Science

India has a vibrant space science programme covering astronomy, astrophysics, planetary and space science, earth science and theoretical physics. As part of that programme, ground facilities like astronomical observatories, Giant Meter Wave Telescope, Mesosphere-Stratosphere-Troposphere Radar facility, etc., have been built. And, Balloons, sounding rockets and satellite platforms are used for flying scientific instruments. India has participated in many international scientific campaigns like MONEX, INDOEX, GBP, etc. ASTROSAT, a multi-spectral high-energy astronomical space observation satellite is scheduled to be launched by 2008-09. Chandrayaan-1, India’s first scientific mission to Moon, envisages orbiting a spacecraft around the Moon at a height of 100 km from the lunar surface for chemical, mineralogical and photo-geologic mapping of the Moon. The spacecraft carries 11 scientific instruments built in India, UK, Germany, Sweden, Bulgaria and the United States. The PSLV is scheduled to launch Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft by 2008.

Space-Industry Co-Operation

One of the important features of the Indian Space Programme since its inception has been the cooperative approach with the Indian industries. The Department of Space (External website that opens in a new window)(DOS) has established linkages with about 500 industries in small, medium and large-scale sectors, either through procurement contracts, knowhow transfers or provision of technical consultancy. Because of its association with the space programme, the space industry is now capable of meeting the challenges in terms of adopting advanced technologies or handling complex manufacturing jobs.

Source: National Portal Content Management Team, Reviewed on: 09-02-2011