All Ground Water and Surface Water Schemes that have a Culturable Command Area (CCA) up to 2,000 ha. individually are classified as Minor Irrigation Schemes. The development of Ground Water is mostly done through individual and cooperative efforts of the farmers, with the help of institutional finance and through own savings. Surface Minor Irrigation Schemes are generally funded from the Public Sector outlay. Irrigation Potential created and utilised under Minor Irrigation up to various plan periods as per Minor Irrigation Development Report from State Governments compiled by Ministry of Water Resources (External website that opens in a new window) is given in table.
|Period||Potential created (million hectares)||Potential utilised (million hectares)|
|Up to 1951 (Pre-Plan Period)||12.90||12.90|
|Annual Plans (1966-69)||19.00||19.00|
|Annual Plans (1978-80)||30.00||30.00|
|Annual Plans (1990-92)||50.35||46.54|
|Ninth Plan (1997-2002)||56.90||49.05|
|Tenth Plan (2002-2007) Target||63.71||54.49|
The Ministry of Water Resources has been implementing the Centrally Sponsored Plan Scheme "Rationalisation of Minor Irrigation Statistics (RMS)" since the seventh Five-Year Plan. Under the RMIS Scheme the first Census of Minor Irrigation Projects with reference year 1986-87 was conducted in all the States/UTs except Rajasthan and the Census Report was published in November 1993. The second Census of Minor Irrigation Projects was conduced with reference year 1993-94 and the Census Report was published in March 2001. The third Census of Minor Irrigation projects with reference year 2000-01 has been conducted in all the States/UTs except the UTs of Daman and Diu and Lakshadweep and the census Report was released by Honourable Prime Minister in State Irrigation Ministers Conference at New Delhi on 30 November 2005. Report provides detailed information on construction of Minor Irrigation Schemes of each type over the years, their distribution according to ownership, holding size and social status; distribution of schemes by types, and status; distribution of schemes according to source of finance, water distribution system adopted; water lifting device and horse power of pumping set; schemes in the command of major/medium projects, average pumping hours, average length of water conveyance channel, culturable command area, potential created, potential utilised, Irrigation through supplementary sources. The data contained in the Third MI Census report has been placed on website and the same is also available in Compact Disk (CD). Preparatory work for conducting fourth Minor Irrigation Census in the country with reference year 2006-07 is in progress.
Since 1999-2000, Central Loan Assistance (loan/grant) of Rs.607.83 crore has been released to these states for completion of 5519 Minor Irrigation Projects. About 3480 schemes have been completed, creating an additional potential of 1.229 lakh hectares by the end of March 2006.
National project for Repair, Renovation and Restoration of Water Bodies
The Government of India sanctioned a Pilot Scheme for "National Project for Repair, Renovation & Restoration (RRR) of Water Bodies directly linked to Agriculture" in January 2005 with an estimated cost of Rs.300 crore to be shared by Centre and State in the ratio of 3:1 proposed to be implemented during the remaining period of Xth Plan. The scheme was approved for 26 districts in 15 States, namely, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, J&K, Gujarat, Kerala and Maharashtra at an estimated cost of Rs.299.92 crore (Rs.224.94 crore Central share and Rs.74.98 crore as State share). Against Central share of Rs.224.94 crore, an amount of Rs.197.30 crore has been released to the States. These projects cover 1,098 water bodies with total original Culturable Command Area (CCA) of 1.72 lakh hectares. The spillover activities of the Pilot Scheme of RRR of Water Bodies are being continued during the year 2009-2010. Physical works for restoration of 955 water bodies has been completed in the States by June 2009.
With a view to expand the scheme of repair, renovation and restoration of water bodies, Government of India approved two schemes for RRR of water bodies (i) one with external assistance at a cost of Rs.6,000 crore and (ii) the other one with domestic support at a cost of Rs.4,000 crore. The expansion of the programme envisages improvement of water bodies, improvement of catchments areas of tank commands, increase in storage capacity of water bodies, ground water recharge, improvement in agriculture and increased availability of drinking water.
Under the scheme covered by external assistance, States may take up projects for funding wherein 75% loan is taken from the World Bank and is passed on to the concerned States on back to back basis and is to be repaid by the States. The balance 25% is taken as liability of Government of India and passed on as Additional Central Assistance (100% grant) to the States for the projects. Domestic support funding is also in the ratio of 25:75 (Centre: State) for non-special category States and in the ratio of 90:10 for special category States (North East States including Sikkim, Hiimachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, J&K and undivided Koraput, Bolangir and Kalahandi (KBK) districts of Orrisa), drought prone/naxal affected/tribal areas.
Under the scheme of RRR of water bodies with external assistance, the World Bank Loan Agreement has been signed with Tamil Nadu for assistance of US $ 485 million to restore 5,763 water bodies having CCA of 4 lakh hectares, with Andhra Pradesh for assistance of US $ 189 million for restoration of 3000 water bodies with a CCA of 2.5 lakh hectares, with Karnataka Govt. for assistance of US $ 64 million for restoration of 1,225 water bodies having a CCA of 0.52 lakh hectare. The Odisha project has also been signed for assistance of US $ 112 million for restoration of 900 water bodies with CCA of 1.2 lakh hectares.
Source: National Portal Content Management Team, Reviewed on: 17-02-2011