Out of the country's total geographical area of 329 million hectares about 45 million hectares is flood prone. Till March 2007, an area of 18.22 m ha has been provided with protection against floods by way of construction of embankments, drainage channels, town protection works and providing raised platforms.
The Union Government is providing Central assistance to the flood prone States to take up some of the critical works. The Central Government is also providing Central assistance to the border and North Eastern States for taking up certain priority works.
The Government of India has launched a "Flood Management Programme" as a State sector scheme, to provide Central assistance to the States during XI plan for taking up flood control, river management, drainage development, flood proofing and anti-sea erosion works.
A network of Flood Forecasting and Warning System has been established by the Central Water Commission in State river basins and flood forecasts are being issued through 175 stations, out of which 147 are river level forecasting stations and 28 are inflow forecasting stations spread over 9 major river basins. During the flood season 2008-09, 6,675 flood forecasts (with 97% accuracy) were issued to the state Government/local administration in order to take timely action to save live stocks and public properties. Forecasts about
- Water levels likely to be attained in rivers as a result of floods and
- Volume of inflow into reservoirs, are formulated and disseminated to various administrative authorities of Central Government, State Government and District Administration, media and other users on the basis of time data.
Source: National Portal Content Management Team, Reviewed on: 17-02-2011