The Central Water Commission (CWC) is a premier technical organisation in the country in the field of water resources since 1945. The Commission is entrusted with the responsibilities of initiating, co-ordinating and furthering, schemes for control, conservation and utilisation of water resources throughout the country in consultation with the state governments concerned for purposes of flood control, irrigation, drinking water supply and hydro power development. CWC also undertakes investigation, construction and execution of any such schemes as required.
The CWC is headed by a Chairman, who also holds the status of Ex-officio Secretary to the Government of India. It has three technical wings, namely,
- Design and Research,
- Water Planning and Projects and
- River Management.
Each of the wings is headed by an engineering officer designated as Member, with the Ex-officio status of an Additional Secretary to the Government of India. The wings consist of organisations headed by Chief Engineers, with Directorates under them, each headed by a Director/S.E. There are 32 organisations and 147 Directorates/Circles under the CWC.
There are thirteen regional organisations of CWC which are functioning from Bangaluru, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Chandigarh, Coimbatore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Lucknow, Nagpur, Patna, Shillong, Silliguri and Gandhi Nagar, each headed by a Chief Engineer. These organisations closely interact with the states and are entrusted with the monitoring of medium and major projects, command area development, Rehabilitation and Renovation of water bodies, minor irrigation and other water management activities, appraisal of medium projects, flood forecasting and hydrological observations.
Broad Functions of CWC
- To undertake surveys and investigations to prepare designs and schemes for the development of river valleys for hydro power generation, irrigation by gravity flow or lift, flood management, environmental management, rehabilitation and resettlement, soil conservation, anti-water logging measures, reclamation of alkaline and saline soils, drainage and for drinking water supply;
- To advise and assist the State Governments in the investigation, surveys and preparation of river valley and hydro-power development schemes;
- To undertake construction work of any river valley development scheme on behalf of the Government of India or State Government concerned;
- To collect, co-ordinate the collection of, publish and analyse the data relating to rainfall, runoff and temperature, silting of reservoirs, behaviour of hydraulic structures, environmental aspects etc.
- To collect, maintain and publish statistical data relating to water resources and to act as the Central Bureau of Information relating to water resources;
- To initiate morphological studies to visualise river behaviour, bank erosion/coastal erosion problems;
- To advise the Government of India and the concerned State Governments on the basin-wise development of water resources;
- To advise the Government of India with regard to all matters relating to the Inter-State water disputes;
- To initiate studies on socio-agro-economic and ecological aspects of irrigation projects for the sustained development of irrigation.
Central Soil and Material Research Station
The Central Soil & Materials Research Station (CSMRS), New Delhi is a premier organization in the field of geo-mechanics, construction materials and allied fields specifically in respect of water resources projects. The mandate of CSMRS is basic and applied research followed by consultancy and dissemination. Further, this Research Station provides technical assistance to the Departments of Central and State Governments, Public Sector Undertakings and other agencies in India and abroad, covering areas such as soil mechanics and foundation engineering including soil dynamics, geotextiles, soil chemistry and rockfill technology, concrete technology, drilling technology for sub-surface characterisation and construction materials , rock mechanics including instrumentation, engineering geophysics and numerical modelling, concrete chemistry, electronics and information technology. CSMRS has recently established Instrumentation Demonstration Centre and Numerical Modeling Unit with state-of-art equipments and softwares. It has successfully undertaken investigation on most 2000 projects in the last two and half decades and disseminated knowledge to several engineers and scientist working in both governmental and non-governmental organizations.
Source: National Portal Content Management Team, Reviewed on: 17-02-2011