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Agricultural Extension Programmes

It is important to disseminate information about new technologies so that the farmer is able to make use of the latest agricultural developments. There also exists a gap between research findings and the needs of farmers. For technology to be successful, it is important that it should serve a useful purpose to the end user. The institution that bridges the gap between farmers and agricultural research scientists is the Agricultural Extension Service. This service works through an Agricultural Research System in the States.

The main objective of Agriculture Extension Services or AES's is to transmit latest technical know-how to farmers. Besides this, the AESs also focuses on enhancing farmers' knowledge about crop techniques and helping them to increase productivity. This is done through training courses, farm visits, on farm trials, kisan melas, kisan clubs, advisory bulletins and the like.

The National Institute of Agricultural Extension Management is an apex national institute set under the Ministry of Agriculture, (External website that opens in a new window) Government of India. It assists the State Governments, the Government of India and other public sector organizations in effective management of their agricultural extension and other agricultural management systems.

  • Andhra Pradesh (External website that opens in a new window): For strengthening agricultural extension and transfer of technology to farmers, farmers clubs are being formed in every village. These clubs consist of innovative farmers, progressive farmers and farmers' interest groups. One innovative farmer of each club acts as the convenor or contact person. These farmers work together to ensure the success of group centric farming practices such as organizing a pest control campaign. The State Agricultural Department has also established various centres for the training of extension personnel.

    These centres are as follows:
    1. State Agricultural Management and Extension Training Institute (SAMETI), Hyderabad.
    2. Soil Conservation Training Centre, Anantapur
    3. In-service Training Centres
  • Assam (External website that opens in a new window): Agricultural extension programmes are conducted to transfer technology to farmers mostly for tea cultivation, which takes up the major chunk of cultivable land in the State. Farmer training centres impart the much-needed training in new techniques of cultivation.
  • Chandigarh (External website that opens in a new window): The agriculture department conducts extension and farmers training study tours. This scheme was introduced with the aim of acquainting farmers with improved farming techniques. According to the scheme, farmers are taken for a visit to the Punjab Agriculture University in Ludhiana and other well-known agricultural institutions to witness new agricultural technologies.
  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli (-1 MB) (PDF file that opens in a new window) : There is a Farmers' Training Centre at Silvassa that imparts training to farmers and extension workers. Free lodging and boarding facilities are provided for three days at the farmers training centre to farmers who undergo training.
  • Gujarat (External website that opens in a new window): The agri extension programme imparts new technology to farmers to help cultivate rice, wheat, jowar, bajra, maize, tur, gram, groundnut, cotton and tobacco.
  • Haryana (External website that opens in a new window): The objectives of the agriculture extension services in the state are to:

    1. Transmit the latest technical know-how to farmers.
    2. Enhance their knowledge and make the profession more productive.
    3. Provide feed back from farmers to extension officers / scientists on problems and constraints in agriculture.
    4. Enhance professional competence of extension functionaries.
    5. Create healthy competition amongst farmers.
    6. Strengthen linkage amongst farmers, extension officers and researchers.
  • Jharkhand (External website that opens in a new window): Sameti is an autonomous State level institution, which is responsible for the project implementation of various line departments as well as the farming community. In short, Sameti is responsible for:

    1. Providing need based consultancy services to Agricultural Technology Management Agencies (ATMA) in fields such as project planning, execution and appraisal.
    2. Developing and promoting suitable management tools for human and material resources to increase the effectiveness of agricultural extension services.
    3. Arranging training programmes for middle and grass root level agricultural extension staff.
    4. Management, communication and participatory methodologies as a sequel to the feedback from training programmes.
    5. Conducting studies on problems related to Agriculture Extension Management, agricultural produce marketing, human resource development, communication and information technology.
  • Karnataka (External website that opens in a new window): The Department of Agriculture organizes Pre-Kharif and Pre-Rabi Programme Planning Workshops that are attended by department officers, field level functionaries, university of agricultural sciences scientists, officers of line departments and related input agencies. These workshops are organized in different areas depending on agro climatic zones, soil types, cropping and rainfall patterns.
  • Lakshadweep: The Central Government runs a scheme to promote agricultural development by providing extension functionaries and farmers with information, training and other extension support on a continuous basis to Union Territories and the States of Goa and Sikkim.

    The main aim of the scheme is to:
    1. Maintain the training infrastructure
    2. Strengthen the farm information units
    3. Provide training to extension functionaries of the department and allied departments and organize field demonstrations.
  • Madhya Pradesh: 19 agriculture extension and training centres are functional under the department of agriculture.
  • Maharashtra: Agriculture extension schemes involve development programmes for cotton, cereals, pulses, sugarcane, maize and oilseed. Several programmes impart new technology to farmers for water management. Special focus areas are scheduled castes and tribes and role of women in agriculture.
  • Tamil Nadu: Agriculture extension programmes concentrate on paddy, groundnut, cholam, cumbu, green gram and black gram. Farmers in the Cauvery delta region are specially imparted new techniques in farm management.
  • Odisha (External website that opens in a new window): The Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology is responsible for generating technology transfer models for use by agricultural training departments like Krishi Vigyan Kendras, distance education programmes and the production of farm literature.

Source: National Portal Content Management Team, Reviewed on:18-02-2011