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Administrative Set-up

The Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961 are made by the President of India under Article 77 of the Constitution for the allocation of business of the Government of India. The Ministries/Departments of the Government are created by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister under these Rules. The business of the Government are transacted in the Ministries/Departments, Secretariats and offices (referred to as 'Department') as per the distribution of subjects specified in these Rules. Each of the Ministries is assigned to a Minister by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister. Each department is generally under the charge of a Secretary to assist the Minister on policy matters and general administration.

Cabinet Secretariet

The Cabinet Secretariat is under the direct charge of the Prime Minister. The administrative head of the Secretariat is the Cabinet Secretary who is also the ex-officio Chairman of the Civil Services Board.

In the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961 'Cabinet Secretariat' finds a place in the First Schedule to the Rules. The subjects allotted to this Secretariat are: (i) Secretarial assistance to Cabinet and Cabinet Committees; and (ii) Rules of Business.

The Cabinet Secretariat is responsible for the administration of the Government of India (Transaction of Business) Rules, 1961 and the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules 1961, facilitating smooth transaction of business in Ministries/Departments of the Government by ensuring adherence to these rules. The Secretariat assists in decision-making in Government by ensuring Inter-Ministerial coordination, ironing out differences amongst Ministries/Departments and evolving consensus through the instrumentality of the standing and ad hoc Committees of Secretaries. Through this mechanism, new policy initiatives are also promoted.

The Cabinet Secretariat ensures that the President, the Vice-President and Ministers are kept informed of the major activities of all Ministries/Departments by means of monthly summary of their activities. Management of major crisis situations in the country and coordinating activities of various Ministries in such a situation is also one of the functions of the Cabinet Secretariat.

The Cabinet Secretariat is seen as a useful mechanism by the departments for promoting inter-Ministerial coordination since the Cabinet Secretary is also the head of the civil services. The Secretaries felt it necessary to keep the Cabinet Secretary informed of developments from time to time. The Transaction of Business Rules also require them to keep the Cabinet Secretary informed specially if there are any departures from these rules.

National Authority, Chemical Weapons Convention

National Authority, Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) was set up by a resolution of Cabinet Secretariat dated 5 May 1997 to fulfil the obligations enunciated in the Chemical Weapons Convention initially signed by 130 countries in a conference which concluded on 14 January 1993 for the purpose prohibiting of the development, production, execution, transfer, use and stockpiling of all chemical weapons by Member-States is a non-discriminatory process. To fulfil its obligations, each State Party has to designate or establish a National Authority to serve as the national focal point for effective liaison with Organisation for Prohibition of the Chemical Weapons (OPCW) and other State Parties and hence the NA, CWC under the administrative control of the Cabinet Secretariat was set-up.

A high-level steering committee under the Chairmanship of the Cabinet Secretary with Secretary (Chemical and Petrochemicals), Foreign Secretary, Secretary, Defence Research and Development, Defence Secretary and Chairman, National Authority as its other members would oversee the functions of the National Authority. The NA, CWC is responsible for implementation of CWC Act, liaison with CWC and other State Parties, Collection of data fulfilling of declaration obligations, negotiating facility agreements, coordinating OPCW inspections, providing appropriate facilities for training national inspectors and industry personnel, ensuring protection of confidential business information, checking declarations for consistency, accuracy and completeness, registration of entitles engaged in activities related to CWC, etc.

Ministries/Departments of the Government

The Government consists of a number of Ministries/Departments, number and character varying from time to time on factors such as volume of work importance attached to certain items, changes of orientation, political expediency, etc. On 15 August 1947, the number of Ministries at the Centre was 18.

List of the Ministries/Departments

  1. Ministry of Agriculture (Krishi Mantralaya)
    1. Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (Krishi aur Sahkarita Vibhag)
    2. Department of Agricultural Research and Education (Krishi Anusandhan aur Shiksha Vibhag)
    3. Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries (Pashupalan, Dairy aur Matsyapalan Vibhag)
  2. Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers (Rasayan aur Urvarak Mantralaya)
    1. Department of Chemicals and Petro-Chemicals (Rasayan aur Petro-Rasayan Vibhag)
    2. Department of Fertilizers (Urvarak Vibhag)
  3. Ministry of Civil Aviation (Nagar Vimanan Mantralaya)
  4. Ministry of Coal (Koyala Mantralaya)
  5. Ministry of Commerce and Industry (Vanijya aur Udyog Mantralaya)
    1. Department of Commerce (Vanijya Vibhag)
    2. Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (Audyogik Niti aur Samvardhan Vibhag)
  6. Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (Sanchar aur Soochana Praudyogiki Mantralaya)
    1. Department of Telecommunications (Doorsanchar Vibhag)
    2. Department of Post (Dak Vibhag)
    3. Department of Electronics and Information Technology (Soochana Praudyogiki Vibhag)
  7. Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution (Upbhokta Mamle, Khadya aur Sarvajanik Vitaran Mantralaya)
    1. Department of Consumer Affairs (Upbhokta Mamle Vibhag)
    2. Department of Food and Public Distribution (Khadya aur Sarvajanik Vitaran Vibhag)
  8. Ministry of Corporate Affairs (Korporate Karya Mantralya)
  9. Ministry of Culture (Sanskriti Mantralya)
  10. Ministry of Defence (Raksha Mantralaya)
    1. Department of Defence (Raksha Vibhag)
    2. Department of Defence Production and Supplies (Raksha Utpadan aur Aapoorti Vibhag)
    3. Department of Defence Research and Development (Raksha Anusandhan aur Vikas Vibhag)
  11. Ministry of Development of North-Eastern Region (Uttar Poorvi Kshetra Vikas Mantralaya)
  12. Ministry of Earth Sciences (Bhoo Vigyan Mantralaya)
  13. Ministry of Environment and Forests (Paryavaran aur Van Mantralaya)
  14. Ministry of External Affairs (Videsh Mantralaya)
  15. Ministry of Finance (Vitta Mantralaya)
    1. Department of Economic Affairs (Arthik Karya Vibhag)
    2. Department of Expenditure (Vyaya Vibhag)
    3. Department of Revenue (Rajaswa Vibhag)
    4. Department of Disinvestment (Vinivesh Vibhag)
    5. Department of Financial Services (Vittiya Sewayen Vibhag)
  16. Ministry of Food Processing Industries (Khadya Prasanskaran Udyog Mantralaya)
  17. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (Swasthya aur Parivar Kalyan Mantralaya)
    1. Department of Health and family welfare (Swasthya aur Parivar Kalyan Mantralaya)
    2. Department of Ayurveda, Yoga-Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) (Ayurveda, Yoga-Prakritik Chikitsa Paddhati, Unani, Siddha aur Homoeopathy Vibhag)
  18. Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises (Bhari Udyog aur Lok Udyam Mantralaya)
    1. Department of Heavy Industries (Bhari Udyog Vibhag)
    2. Department of Public Enterprises (Lok Udyam Vibhag)
  19. Ministry of Home Affairs (Grih Mantralaya)
    1. Department of Internal Security (Antarik Suraksha Vibhag)
    2. Department of States (Rajya Vibhag)
    3. Department of Official Language (Raj Bhasha Vibhag)
    4. Department of Home (Grih Vibhag)
    5. Department of Jammu and Kashmir Affairs (Jammu tatha Kashmir Vibhag)
    6. Department of Border Management (Seema Prabandhan Vibhag)
  20. Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (Aawas aur Shahari Garibi Upshaman Mantralaya)
  21. Ministry of Human Resource Development (Manav Sansadhan Vikas Mantralaya)
    1. Department of School Education and Literacy (School Shiksha aur Saksharta Vibhag)
    2. Department of Higher Education (Uchchatar Shiksha Vibhag)
  22. Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (Soochana aur Prasaran Mantralaya)
  23. Ministry of Labour and Employment (Shram aur Rozgar Mantralaya)
  24. Ministry of Law and Justice (Vidhi aur Nyaya Mantralaya)
    1. Department of Legal Affairs (Vidhi Karya Vibhag)
    2. Legislative Department (Vidhayee Vibhag)
    3. Department of Justice (Nyaya Vibhag)
  25. Ministry of Mines (Khan Mantralaya)
  26. Ministry of Minority Affairs (Alpasankhyak Karya Mantralya)
  27. Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (Naveen Aur Navikarniya Oorja Mantralaya)
  28. Ministry of Overseas Indians Affairs (Apravasi Bharatiyon Ke Mamalon Ka Mantralya)
  29. Ministry of Panchayati Raj (Panchayati Raj Mantralaya)
  30. Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs (Sansadiya Karya Mantralaya)
  31. Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions (Karmik Lok Shikayat tatha Pension Mantralaya)
    1. Department of Personnel and Training (Karmik aur Prashikshan Vibhag)
    2. Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (Prashasanik Sudhar aur Lok Shikayat Vibhag)
    3. Department of Pensions and Pensioners' Welfare (Pension aur Pension Bhogi Kalyan Vibhag)
  32. Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas (Petroleum aur Prakritik Gas Mantralaya)
  33. Ministry of Planning (Yojana Mantralaya)
  34. Ministry of Power (Oorja Mantralaya)
  35. Ministry of Railways (Rail Mantralaya)
  36. Ministry of Shipping, Road Transport and Highways (Pot Parivahan, Sarak Parivahan aur Raj Marg Mantralaya)
    1. Department of Shipping (Pot Parivahan Vibhag)
    2. Department of Road Transport and Highways (Sadak Parivahan Aur Raj Marg Vibhag)
  37. Ministry of Rural Development (Gramin Vikas Mantralaya)
    1. Department of Rural Development (Gramin Vikas Vibhag)
    2. Department of Land Resources (Bhumi Sansadhan Vibhag)
    3. Department of Drinking Water Supply (Peya Jal Poorti Vibhag)
  38. Ministry of Science and Technology (Vigyan aur Praudyogiki Mantralaya)
    1. Department of Science and Technology (Vigyan aur Praudyogiki Vibhag)
    2. Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (Vigyan aur Audyogik Anusandhan Vibhag)
    3. Department of Bio-Technology (Biotechnology Vibhag)
  39. Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (Sukshma Laghu Aur Madhyam Udyam Mantralya)
  40. Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (Samajik Nyaya aur Adhikarita Mantralaya)
  41. Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (Sankhyiki aur Karyakram Kiryanvayan Mantralaya)
  42. Ministry of Steel (Ispat Mantralaya)
  43. Ministry of Textiles (Vastra Mantralaya)
  44. Ministry of Tourism (Paryatan Mantralaya)
  45. Ministry of Tribal Affairs (Janjatiya Karya Mantralaya)
  46. Ministry of Urban Development (Shahari Vikas Mantralaya)
  47. Ministry of Water Resources (Jal Sansadhan Mantralaya)
  48. Ministry of Woman and Child Development (Mahila Aur Bal Vikas Mantralaya)
  49. Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports (Yuva Karyakram aur Khel Mantralaya)
  50. Department of Atomic Energy (Parmanu Oorja Vibhag)
  51. Department of Space (Antariksh Vibhag)
  52. Cabinet Secretariat (Mantrimandal Sachivalaya)
  53. President's Secretariat (Rashtrapati Sachivalaya)
  54. Prime Minister's Office (Pradhan Mantri Karyalaya)
  55. Planning Commission (Yojana Ayog)

Source: India 2010 - A Reference Annual