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Regulatory Authorities and Airports

Airports Authority of India

Airports Authority of India (AAI) was constituted on 1st April, 1995 by merging erstwhile National Airports Authority (NAA) and International Airports Authority of India (IAAI). The integration of NAA and IAAI was aimed to derive the synergy of merger and build a new organization to take up upcoming challenges in competitive environment. Civil aviation, world over, has gone a sea change and the Airports Authority of India (AAI) is ready to meet these challenges both at national and international levels. The Eleventh Five Year plan has been prepared and growth targets set for various economic parameters contributing to growth, of civil aviation are encouraging.

AAI maintains and operates 127 airports including civil enclave at Defence airfields for commercial Airlines operations. The International Airports at Delhi and Mumbai have been leased to Joint Venture Companies on 03.05.2006 for modernization etc. as part of the Restructuring being undertaken by the Government for these two International Airports. Greenfield airport developed at Shamshabad near Hyderabad has become operational with effect from 23.3.2008. Similarly, the Greenfield airport developed at Devanahalli near Bangaluru has become operational with effect from 24.5. 2008. AAI provides CNS/ATM services at all the airports in the country which include Indian airspace measuring over 2.8 million square nautical miles.

During the year 2008-09, AAI handled 13.06 lakh aircraft movements (10.40 lakhs domestic and 2.70 lakh international); 108.88 million passengers (77.30 million domestic and 31.58 million international) and 16.97 lakh metric tonnes of air cargo (5.48 lakh metric tonnes domestic and 11.49 lakh metric tonnes international).

Training

AAI imparts training at its own Civil Aviation Training College, Allahabad on various operational areas like Air Traffic Control, Radars, Communication, etc. It maintains the National Institute of Aviation Management and Research (NIAMAR) at Delhi for imparting various aviation management training programmes and refresher courses. In addition there is a Fire Service Training School at Narayanpur near Kolkata and the Fire Training Centre at New Delhi for imparting training and conducting refresher courses on fire fighting rescue services.

Gagan Project

GPS Aided Geo Augmented Navigation "Gagan" is an augmentation system to enhance the accuracy and integrity of GPS signals to meet precision approach requirements in Civil Aviation and is being implemented jointly by AAI and ISRO in three phases. Technology Demonstration System will be upgraded to a full operational capability system in the second and third phase. GSAT IV being fabricated by ISRO will carry GAGAN payload. The footprint of this satellite will cover a vast geographical area from Africa to Australia and hence would facilitate expansion of the service area of "Gagan" far beyond Indian airspace. When implemented this would replace most of the ground-based navigational aids and it would be possible to provide precision approach and landing guidance up to category I to aircraft hitherto not available due to terrain conditions precluding the provision of Instrument Landing System.

The Technology Demonstration System Phase of the Project has been successfully completed and action has been initiated for Final Operation Phase (FOP).

Development of Non-Metro Airports by AAI

In order to meet the growing demand for infrastructure at the airports, AAI has decided to modernize and develop 35 non-metro Airports by providing world class infrastructure facilities at these airports. The 35 non-Metro airports identified are Ahmedabad, Amritsar, Guwahati, Jaipur, Udaipur, Trivandrum, Lucknow, Goa, Madurai, Mangalore, Agatti, Aurangabad, Khajuraho, Rajkot, Vadodara, Bhopal, Indore, Nagpur, Visakhapatanam, Trichy, Bhubaneswar, Coimbatore, Patna, Port Blair, Varanasi, Agartala, Dehradun, Imphal, Ranchi, Rajpur, Agra, Chandigarh, Dimapur, Jammu and Pune. These non-Metro Airports are being developed to world class standards which include features such as modular design, structured steel and toughened glass glazing, modern flooring, high ceiling with vertical air conditioning system, modern passenger boarding bridges with glass wall, walk ways, conveyor belts, escalators, elevators, improved signages, intelligent terminals was Integrated building management system and Common User Terminal Equipment (CUTE).

The development works for Terminal Buildings and Airside have already been undertaken / in the process of award except in cases where land issues are involved. These works will be completed in phases by March, 2010.

As regards City Side Development at selected non-Metro Airports, this is being done with private sector participation. The process is under finalization for Amritsar and Udaipur airport and thereafter will be extended to other airports.

Restructuring of Delhi and Mumbai Airports

Indira Gandhi International Airport, Delhi

Delhi International Airport Private Limited (DIAL) have entered with AAI an Operation, Management Development Agreement (OMDA). In accordance with OMDA, DIAL has agreed to undertake the functions of operating, maintaining, developing, designing, constructing, upgrading, modernizing, financing and managing the Indira Gandhi International Airport (Airport), Delhi as per the terms and conditions referred therein. The Shareholding pattern of DIAL is as under:

  • State Promoter: Airports Authority of India 26%;
  • Private Promoter: GMR Infrastructure Limited led by GMR Group (including foreigners) 74%;

Apart from OMDA, DIAL also entered a Land Lease Agreement and CNS-ATM Agreement with AAI and a State Support Agreement and a State Government Support Agreement with Government of India and Government of Delhi respectively.

The term of concession granted to DIAL, as per OMDA, is for 30 years with a right of extension for another 30 years. Communication, navigation & surveillance and air traffic management will be provided by AAI.

DIAL shall, in consideration for the grant of Concession by AAI, pay to AAI an annual fee for each year during the term of OMDA @ 45.00% of revenue of DIAL.

Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Mumbai

Mumbai International Airport Private Limited (MIAL) have entered with AAI an Operation, Management Development Agreement (OMDA). In accordance with OMDA, MIAL has agreed to undertake the functions of operating, maintaining, developing, designing, constructing, upgrading, modernizing, financing and managing the CSI International Airport (Airport) in accordance with the terms and conditions referred therein.

  • State Promoter: Airports Authority of India 26%;
  • Private Promoter: GMR Infrastructure Limited led by GMR Group (including foreigners) 74%;

Apart from OMDA, MIAL also entered a Land Lease Agreement and CNS-ATM Agreement with AAI and a State Support Agreement and a State Government Support Agreement with Government of India and Government of Maharashtra respectively.

The term of concession granted to MIAL, as per OMDA, is for 30 years with a right of extension to another 30 years. Communication, navigation & surveillance and air traffic management will be provided by AAI.

MIAL shall, in consideration for the grant of Concession by AAI, pay to AAI an annual fee for each year during the term of OMDA @ 38.7% of revenue of MIAL.

Other Airports

Greenfield Airports

Bangaluru International Airport: Bangaluru Airport Limited (BIAL), was established with the participation of Karnataka State Industrial Investment and Development Corporation Limited, the Airports Authority of India, Siemens Project Ventures GmbH, Flughafen Zurich AG and Larsen & Toubro Limited, as shareholders, for the development, design, financing, construction, completion, maintenance, operation and management of a Greenfield airport at Dewanahalli (Airport), near Bangaluru in the State of Karnataka as a Public Private Participation venture.

The Shareholding pattern of BIAL is as under:

  • State Promoter
    1. Karnataka State Industrial Investment and Development 13%;
  • Corporation Limited
    1. Airports Authority of India 13%
  • Private Promoter
    1. Siemens Project Ventures GmbH 40%
    2. Flughafen Zuerich AG 17%
    3. Larsen & Toubro Limited 17%

BIAL have entered into a Concession Agreement with Government of India and State Support and Land Lease Agreements with Government of Karnataka apart from CNS agreement with AAI.

The term of concession granted to BIAL, as per Concession Agreement, is for 30 years with an option for extension of another 30 years.

BIAL shall, in consideration for the grant of Concession by Government of India, pay to Government of India a fee amounting to four per cent (4%) of gross revenue annually.

The Airport has been opened for commercial operation on 24th May 2008.

Hyderabad International Airport (Rajiv Gandhi International Airport)

Hyderabad International Airport Limited (GHIAL) was established with the participation of Government of Andhra Pradesh, Airports Authority of India, GMR Group and Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad (MAHB), as shareholders, for the development, design, financing, construction, completion, maintenance, operation and management of a Greenfield airport at Shamshabad (Airport), near Hyderabad in the State of Andhra Pradesh as a Public Private Participation venture.

  • State Promoter
    1. Government of Andhra Pradesh 13%;
    2. Airports Authority of India 13%
  • Private Promoter
    1. GMR Group 63%
    2. MAHB 11%

GHIAL have entered into a Concession Agreement with Government of India and State Support and Land Lease Agreements with Government of Andhra Pradesh apart from CNS agreement with AAI.

The term of concession granted to GHIAL, as per Concession Agreement, is for 30 years with an option for extension of another 30 years.

GHIAL shall, in consideration for the grant of Concession by Government of India, pay to Government of India a fee amounting to four per cent (4%) of gross revenue annually.

The Airport has been opened for commercial operation on 23rd March 2008.

Flying Training School at Gondia

It has been decided to establish a premier pilot Training Institute at Gondia, Maharashtra to augment the ongoing efforts of flying training schools for increasing the number of qualified and well trained pilots, to tackle the huge demand for pilots in the industry. The new Flying Training School is being established with Joint Venture Partnership (JVP). M/S. CAE of Canada who has been selected through global bidding. AAI would have an equity participation of 49% which can be shared amongst the other aviation related PSUs and the JVP will have 51% equity. The Agreements in this regard have been signed between AAI and JVP for formation of JVC. The National Flying Training Institute (NFTI) is likely to be operational by end of this year.

Source: National Portal Content Management Team, Reviewed on: 15-02-2011