Spotlight

Children's Day

Children's Day

Children's Day, November 14, a day of celebrations, marks the birth anniversary of the first Prime Minister of independent India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru - External website that opens in a new window. His love and passion for children was so special that children affectionately called him Chacha Nehru.

The day not only gives a reason to show our love and care to the children but also reminds us to be committed towards the welfare of children and help them realize their dreams.





  Celebrations
Celebrations   Each year, Children's Day is celebrated in the spirit of childhood itself. It teaches us to be innocent and inquisitive as a child who enjoys learning in whatever he does with a big smile.

It is a day for children to engage in fun and frolic and is celebrated with special vigour at the school level. Schools across India have special programmes for the day, including quiz, fancy dress competitions, children's art exhibitions and so on.

Various cultural, social and corporate institutions conduct special celebrations and competitions for children of all backgrounds. Such events have proved to be very popular across the length and breadth of the country.

Even television and other media networks air special programmes for kids from different strata of the society, making 14th November a very special day for every child.



President Interactions

The President of India - External website that opens in a new window, meets and interacts with hundreds of children, specially selected from across the country, at Rashtrapati Bhavan. The President on the occasion of Children's Day boosts the morale of children and motivates them to strive for excellence. They are inspired to differentiate between the stumbling block and stepping stones in the future for visionary India.

The President, Smt. Pratibha Devisingh Patil has highlighted the importance of children's education; she has praised Indian teachers & students for their discipline, hard work and good value systems, which are renowned throughout the world.

Her predecessor, the 11th President - External website that opens in a new window of India, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam - External website that opens in a new window too had a special interest in the development of the country's children. He believed that the future of the nation lies in the hands of its children and urged the country to "sacrifice our today so that our children can have a better tomorrow." His question and answer sessions with children - External website that opens in a new window from all over the country are very popular to this day.

Important links on President Interactions

  Bal Bhawan Kendras
Bal Bhawan Kendras  

The Government has set up special institutions, called Bal Bhawan aiming to enhance the creative potential of children by providing them with various activities, opportunities and a common platform to interact, experiment, create and perform.

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru conceived the idea of Bal Bhavan. He felt that the formal education system left little scope for the overall development of the child's personality and envisioned Bal Bhavan as a place, which could fill this gap by offering an environment for their all-round development.



Universal Children's Day

In 1954, the United Nations General Assembly recommended that a day should be adopted to encourage fraternity and understanding between children. Universal Children's Day - External website that opens in a new window is celebrated on 20th November every year. This day commemorates international fraternity and understanding between children. It is also observed as a day of activity devoted to encouraging the ideals and objectives of the Charter of the United Nations - External website that opens in a new window and well-being of the children.

Universal Children's Day is part of the social work undertaken by United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) - External website that opens in a new window. It was on November 20, 1959 that the United Nations General Assembly also adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child - External website that opens in a new window. Again on the same day, in the year 1989 the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) - External website that opens in a new window was signed. Since then 193 countries have ratified the Convention.



  Children's Rights under the Constitution
Children's Rights under the Constitution  

The Constitution of India guarantees a wide range of rights and entitlements to the children of the country, in accordance with the UN Convention. These provisions of the Constitution are expressly or impliedly, directly or indirectly related with the protection of childhood, child education and elimination of child labour system in India.

  • Article 15(3): empowers the State to make special provisions for children and women
  • Article 21A: obligates the State to provides for free and compulsory education for children between the age of 6 to 14 years
  • Article 24: prohibits the employment to children
  • Article 39(e): obligates the State to safeguard the health of children
  • Article 39(f): obligates the State to safeguard opportunities for children to grow with dignity
Important links on Children's Rights under the Constitution


Educational Schemes for Children

The changes in the social and economic structure of India have intensified the need for universal elementary children education. The formidable challenges before the Indian Government are: to provide high quality early childhood education programs; to preserve indigenous practices such as multilingualism, family/community involvement, participation of older children as caretakers of their younger siblings; and to provide elementary education to all children despite serious financial constraints.

Government of India has launched various schemes, programmes and initiatives - External website that opens in a new window for elementary education identifying goals that will shape the future of children in India.





  National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR)
National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR)  

The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) - External website that opens in a new window was set up in March 2007 as a statutory body under the Commissions for Protection of Child Rights Act, 2005 (4 MB) - PDF file that opens in a new window . Its primary mandate is to protect, promote and defend child rights in the country.



Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986

Along with the developments taking place in country, child labour came to receive increasing global attention especially at the forums of International Labour Organization - External website that opens in a new window and the United Nations - External website that opens in a new window. On a resolution of the UN General Assembly, the year 1979 was proclaimed as the International Year of the Child. In view of both external and internal pressure and the Government of India's seriousness to deal effectively with the problem, the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act - External website that opens in a new window was enacted in 1986.



  International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC)
International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC)  

The International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC) is a global programme launched by ILO in December 1991. India was the first country to join it in 1992. The long term objective of the programme is to contribute to the effective abolition of child labour.

The Memorandum of Understanding signed by the Government of India in 1992 is still going on. The total number of children under the programme during 1992-2001 was about one lakh.



Disclaimer:

Please note that few of the links in the Archive section of the Spotlight may not work as the data could be of previous month, year and event.