Spotlight

National Population Register: My Identity My Pride

National Population Register: My Identity My Pride


The National Population Register (External website that opens in a new window) (NPR) is a comprehensive identity database to be maintained by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India (External website that opens in a new window), Ministry of Home Affairs (External website that opens in a new window).

As per Section 14A of the Citizenship Act 1955 (External website that opens in a new window) as amended in 2004, it is compulsory for every citizen of the country to register in the National Register of Indian Citizens (NRIC). The creation of the National Population Register (NPR) is the first step towards preparation of the NRIC. Out of the universal dataset of residents, the subset of citizens would be derived after due verification of the citizenship status. Therefore, it is compulsory for all usual residents to register under the NPR.




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  Why National Population Register
Why National Population Register  

The objective of creating this identity database is to help in better utilization and implementation of the benefits and services under the government schemes, improve planning and security in the country.

The Government of India has initiated the creation of this database, by collecting specific information of all usual residents in the country during the House listing and Housing Census phase of Census 2011 during April 2010 to September 2010. It is planned that the collected information of the Usual Residency (aged 5 and above) of 17 states and 2 UTs (External website that opens in a new window) will now be digitized, and biometric data will be collected from these residents for further integration.

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National Register of Indian Citizens

The National Register of Indian Citizens (NRIC) will be a Register of citizens of the country. It will be prepared at the local (Village level), sub District (Tehsil/Taluk level), District, State and National level after verifying the details in the NPR and establishing the citizenship of each individual. The NRIC, therefore, would be a sub-set of the NPR.


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  National Population Register Process
National Population Register Process  

There are several major activities being performed under the NPR Project. These include house listing by enumerator, scanning of NPR schedules, data digitization, biometric enrolment and consolidation, LRUR correction and validation, duplication by UIDAI (External website that opens in a new window) and issuance of Aadhaar number, and consolidation of cleansed data at ORGI. There is also a proposal to issue Resident Identity Cards to all usual residents in the NPR of 18 years of age and above is under consideration of the Government. This proposed Identity Card would be a smart card and would bear the Aadhaar number.

Several government agencies are working towards the creation of this National Population Register (External website that opens in a new window). These include the Registrar General of India (External website that opens in a new window), the Department of Electronics and Information Technology (External website that opens in a new window) (DIETY), DOEACC Society (External website that opens in a new window), CSC e-Governance Services India Ltd and Managed Service Providers (MSPs).

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National Population Register Process

How to register for the National Population Register

During the first phase of Census 2011, enumerators have visited every household and have collected the details required for the NPR in a paper format (588 KB) (PDF file that opens in a new window) . These forms have been scanned and the data has been entered into an electronic database in two languages - the State language and in English. Biometric attributes - photograph, ten fingerprints and two iris images are being added to the NPR database by organizing enrolment camps in each local area. The enrolment will be done in the presence of Government servants appointed for this purpose. All usual residents who are above 5 years of age should attend the enrolment camp (External website that opens in a new window), even if their biometrics have been captured under Aadhaar (External website that opens in a new window). For persons not enrolled under Aadhaar, UIDAI can also register themselves in the enrolment camps.

The local authorities will take the necessary steps to make publicity of the duration and location of the enrolment camps in the area. Intimation slips (KYR+form) (840 KB) (PDF file that opens in a new window) will also be distributed house to house before commencement of such camps. Please refer the Frequently Asked Questions (External website that opens in a new window) (FAQs) for NPR activities. You can also check the camp details and contact number of authorities (External website that opens in a new window) in your locality.

Documents required

No specific documents are required for registration in the NPR. The details for NPR have already been collected during the visit of the enumerator to the household. An Acknowledgement slip has also been given. This should be carried to the enrolment camp. However, as part of the biometric enrolment process, the EPIC number, Passport number, Ration Card number etc. are also being collected from each household. The intimation slips (KYR+form) (840 KB) (PDF file that opens in a new window) should be filled in for these additional data fields and carried to the camp.

If not covered in Census

If the household has not been covered during the Census 2011 (External website that opens in a new window) or if the individual has changed residence after the Census, a new NPR form (588 KB) (PDF file that opens in a new window) will be given at the camp and have to be filled up there. The filled-in forms will be submitted to the Government official, present at the camp. These forms will be verified by the authorities and the individuals biometric details will be captured during the next round of biometric camps.

Missed the enrolment camp

Two camps will be held in every local area. If an individual misses the first camp, intimation will be given to attend the second camp. In case the second camp is also missed, chance will be given to enroll at camps that would be set up at the sub-district level until the designated date. After the designated date, the individuals name will be struck off the NPR.

Authentication and Correction

After collection of data from the door step and biometrics information at the camp:

  • The biographic data along with the photograph and Aadhaar number will be displayed in the local area for inviting claims and objections.
  • The lists will also be scrutinized by the local officials.
  • These lists would also be placed in the Gram Sabhas and Ward Committees. This process of social audit would bring in transparency and equity.
  • The citizens can point out the required changes while providing the necessary documentation for self-identification.
NPR Advertisement in different languages (External website that opens in a new window)


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  Connection between NPR and Aadhaar
Connection between National Population Register and Aadhaar  

The data collected in NPR will be sent to UIDAI for de-duplication and issue of Aadhaar Number. Thus the register will contain three elements of data:

  • Demographic data
  • Biometric data and
  • The Aadhaar (UID Number)

A person who has already enrolled with UIDAI (External website that opens in a new window) still has to register under NPR. In NPR, certain processes like the collection of data at the doorstep of the individual by authorized persons, collection of biometrics after following a certain process, authentication through social audit, verification by authorities etc is mandatory.

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